I’m a cat breeder. I’m not a shipping agent.
I am not obligated to organize delivery for you. I can help you with this because I have such experience, but I do not profit from this additional work, and I am not responsible for the service provided by a third party.

If you want the kitten to be delivered by cargo, both the payment for the kitten and the delivery must be made 3-5 days before the kitten leaves my home.

Up to the age of 6 months, two kittens can be shipped in one carrier. The cost for such a shipment is not doubled.

When you personally pick up the kitten, payment can be made on the spot at the time of picking up the kitten.

There are several options available for shipping kittens to their new homes.

Airline Pet Cargo Shipping

Kittens will be transported in a plastic carrier with a metal grated door. The kennel provides adequate ventilation on three sides and is appropriately sized for the kitten's comfort. During the journey, kittens travel in a pressurized, heated, and ventilated cargo hold located below the passenger compartments. Tie-down straps secure the flight kennel to the cargo compartment's deck.
Please be aware that airlines have temperature restrictions for shipping live animals. I cannot know all temperatures in every state, so please assess on your own whether the temperature in your state will be suitable when the kitten is ready to move to a new home. The airlines do not transport warm-blooded animals when ground temperatures exceed 85 degrees Fahrenheit or fall below 20 degrees Fahrenheit. This applies to the origin, connection, and destination cities.

Sometimes, at the time of reserving a kitten, airlines have a pet-friendly flight to the airport that suits you best. However, a few months later, when the kitten is ready to go to its new home, airlines make changes, and I may not be aware of all such changes. No one notifies or coordinates with me.

Meantime people, for some reason, think that I initially gave them a promise that delivery is available and then fail to fulfill my commitments. I'll emphasize once again: Delivery is not my professional activity and is not my obligation.

The cost for this option is approximately $500. The airlines do not provide transportation carriers, and it incurs expenses on me. Additionally, I purchase bowls that attach to the carrier door, and their presence is required by the airline. Furthermore, I provide a pet bed/blanket for this carrier.

Black oriental shorthair kitten sitting on a bed blanket

On the day of departure, I have to wake up at 3-4 am as the journey to the airport takes an hour, and I need to bring the kitten three hours prior to the flight. As I mentioned before, I cannot choose the departure time, and most airlines schedule the flight for 7-8 am.
As you might have guessed, I don't like to ship kittens that way. If you know in advance that you will need cargo shipping, you should let me know as soon as possible. Then, I can sign the necessary documents with the veterinarian during the wellness check after the kitten's neutering/spaying and rabies vaccination. I don't arrange these special documents requested by airlines for each kitten because it costs extra money. If you decide that you need cargo shipping last minute when it's time to pick up the ready-to-move kitten, you should understand that it will take some time to schedule a new appointment with the veterinarian to arrange the required documents demanded by the airline. Keep in mind that these documents are only valid for 10 days from the day they are signed by the veterinarian.

If you want the kitten to be delivered by cargo, both the payment for the kitten and the delivery must be made 3-5 days before the kitten leaves my home.

Pet Nanny Service

You have the option to find a pet nanny online, or I can provide you with the contact information of a pet nanny who has shipped our kittens to various states multiple times. Our businesses are separate entities, and you can directly contact her to inquire about a quote.

In the case of delivery with a nanny, the payment for the kitten must be settled before I hand it over to the nanny. Financial matters regarding the kitten's delivery with the nanny do not concern me, and you will handle this matter with a pet nanny directly.

Personal Pickup of Cat

Alternatively, you can choose to fly to Cleveland or Columbus on your own, and I will meet you at the airport to hand over the kitten. When booking a ticket for yourself, you must inform the airline that you will be flying with a cat on the return journey. I will bring the kitten in a carrier that is approved for in-cabin flight if you don’t want to bring your own.

Another option is for you to visit our home to pick up the kitten in person. In this case, I would appreciate it if you could bring your own pet carrier.

Modern-style Siamese cat

The Siamese cat, one of the oldest and most recognizable cat breeds, continues to captivate cat lovers with its striking appearance and unique personality. Originating from Thailand, formerly known as Siam, these cats have a rich history and have evolved over the years to become the modern Siamese cat we know today.

Siamese cat vocalization

Siamese cats are renowned for their vocal and social nature. They are very affectionate and crave interaction with their human companions. Their intelligence and curiosity often lead them to explore their environment and engage in playful behavior. Siamese cats form strong bonds with their owners and can become quite loyal and protective.

A defining characteristic of Siamese cats is their highly vocal nature. They are known for their loud, low-pitched voices, often compared to the sound of a crying baby. This distinct vocalization, sometimes called "meezer" due to the sound, is a way for Siamese cats to communicate with their owners. They are not shy about expressing their needs, desires, or displeasure, and they expect their humans to respond.

Their voices are not just louder and lower in pitch than other cats; they also use a wide range of vocalizations to express themselves. These vocalizations can include meows, yowls, and even chirps. Owners often describe their Siamese cats as "talkative" and note that they seem to enjoy having conversations with their human companions. This vocal behavior is a key part of their personality and can be charming to those who appreciate a communicative pet.

Interestingly, there have been cases where neighbors, alarmed by what they thought were cries for help, called the police. Upon arrival, the officers found that the source of the distressing sounds was a Siamese cat in heat, calling for a mate. This anecdote highlights just how distinctive and powerful their vocalizations can be.

Appearance

Modern-style Siamese cats are known for their sleek, elegant bodies and striking blue almond-shaped eyes. They have a short coat that is fine and glossy, which accentuates their muscular build. The most distinctive feature of Siamese cats is their point coloration, which includes the ears, face, paws, and tail. According to the CFA (Cat Fanciers' Association), this coloration comes in specific shades such as seal, chocolate, blue, and lilac. However, other feline organizations recognize a wider variety of colors in Siamese cats.

This chart predicts the coat colors of Siamese cats based on the combination of two genes: B (black fur) and D (non-dilute). It shows the potential outcomes of breeding different genetic combinations. The top row and first column list different combinations of these genes. Each cell displays the resulting coat color, represented by diamond-shaped symbols with distinct colors and patterns. The legend explains what each color and pattern signifies. This detailed description ensures the chart is accessible to those with vision disabilities. Note: This chart is based on the color point varieties recognized by the Cat Fanciers' Association (CFA). Other feline organizations recognize a broader range of color point variations. Including these additional varieties would significantly increase the number of potential genetic outcomes and thus expand the chart considerably.
Genetic Coat Color Predictions for Siamese Cats

Point Coloration and Temperature Dependency

Point coloration, also known as Siamese coloring, is a type of albinism. It is acromelanistic, meaning it is temperature-dependent. In a colder environment, the points (ears, face, paws, and tail) are darker, while in a warmer environment, the points are lighter.

Siamese kittens are born white because they are in a warm environment in their mother’s womb. The points begin to develop in the first few days after birth. Red point and cream point Siamese cats take longer for their points to develop, making them appear white in the first few weeks of life.

10-day-old red point Siamese kitten from Cataristocrat Cattery
In the photo, is a 10-day-old Siamese kitten. We do not see distinct markings on this kitten because it is a red point.

Unique Traits and Health

Siamese cats are more likely to have strabismus (crossed eyes) than other cats. This condition develops because all cats with stereoscopic vision perceive objects differently with each eye. The image seen by the right eye is transmitted to the left hemisphere of the brain, and the image seen by the left eye is transmitted to the right hemisphere. Thus, the brain receives two different images of the same object. When these images are combined, a stereoscopic image is formed. However, in color-point cats, the optic nerves are defective and cannot synchronously transmit images from both eyes to the opposite sides of the brain. As a result, the cat gets a double image of one object (diplopia). Most Siamese cats, to combat diplopia, block one of the images. But in doing so, they lose their stereoscopic perception, which is a significant disadvantage for a predator. Other Siamese cats cannot "activate" this blocking mechanism. To see a single image, they have to reduce the distance between their pupils through strabismus. This results in the development of strabismus or persistent squinting. Sometimes, involuntary eye movements occur to align the images, known as nystagmus.

Siamese cats are also prone to several health issues more frequently than other breeds. These include:

  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA): A degenerative eye disorder that can lead to blindness.
  • Lymphoma: A type of cancer that affects the lymphatic system.
  • Thrombosis: The formation of blood clots that can lead to serious complications.
  • Amyloidosis: A condition where amyloid proteins build up in organs, particularly the liver and kidneys, which can be life-threatening.

Personality and Behavior of Siamese

Their inquisitive minds require constant stimulation. Without enough mental and physical activity, Siamese cats can develop behavioral problems. Providing them with interactive toys, puzzles, and regular playtime is essential to keep them engaged and happy. They thrive on attention and enjoy being involved in their owner’s daily activities. This breed often follows their owners around the house, engaging in "conversations" and ensuring they are always part of the action.

Care and Maintenance

The short coat of the Siamese cat requires minimal grooming, although they do enjoy the occasional brushing. Regular veterinary check-ups are essential to monitor their overall health and address any potential issues, especially those related to their unique eye structure and the health conditions to which they are prone.

Influence on Other Breeds

Many other cat breeds have been developed using Siamese cats as a foundation. These breeds include the Burmese, Burmilla, Tonkinese, and Havana Brown, among others. Particularly noteworthy is the Oriental cat, which is essentially a Siamese cat with a solid coat color. In most cat fancier organizations, Orientals and Siamese are considered part of the same breed group, and crossbreeding between them is permitted.

This leads to an interesting fact: two Orientals carrying the recessive color-point gene can produce Siamese kittens. According to the registration rules of organizations like TICA, WCF, and FIFe, such kittens are registered as Siamese. In contrast, the CFA registers these kittens as Colorpoint Shorthair.

Siamese and Oriental kittens are at park
Siamese and Oriental Shorthair kittens born in the same litter

Breed Authenticity

It is important to note that not all point-colored cats are Siamese. Many point-colored cats, both purebred and mixed-breed, share this coloration. What people commonly refer to as Siamese are often Thai cats. A true Siamese cat is one that has documentation proving its breed. This distinction is crucial for understanding the breed’s history and preserving its unique characteristics.

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The modern Siamese cat, with its distinctive looks and lively personality, remains a favorite among cat enthusiasts. Their fascinating history, coupled with their unique physical and behavioral traits, makes them a truly remarkable breed. Whether you are drawn to their striking appearance, their affectionate nature, or their expressive vocalizations, Siamese cats continue to be a beloved and cherished breed in households around the world.

Olga Shatokhina 2023.

Bringing a new kitten into your home is an adventure like no other. It's a journey filled with excitement, cuddles, and, yes, a few challenges along the way. But fear not! Whether you're a seasoned cat parent or just starting out, this guide is here to help you navigate the ins and outs of kitten care with confidence and joy.

From preparing your home for your new furry friend to fostering a lifelong bond, I'll cover it all. So buckle up and get ready for a heartwarming ride filled with love, laughter, and plenty of purrs!

Optimal Age for Bringing Kitten Home

Separating a kitten from its mother and siblings too early can have negative consequences on its physical and emotional development. The optimal age for a kitten to leave its mother and siblings typically begins after 3.5 months. By this age, reputable breeders ensure that the kitten has completed a full course of vaccinations, testing, and necessary procedures. Additionally, the kitten learns essential skills from its mother, such as using the litter box and socialization with other cats and people. This period also allows for proper imprinting and natural separation from the mother and littermates.

Oriental Shorthair cat mother feeding her kitten

Please never rush the process and respect the timeline set by the breeder. Rushing to take a kitten home prematurely can disrupt its development and potentially lead to behavioral issues later on. Under the guidelines of TICA (The International Cat Association), kittens are not to leave the cattery before 12 weeks of age, but it's preferable for them to depart after reaching 14 weeks. It has long been observed that people tend to prefer selecting younger kittens, believing that a cat at 6-7 months old is already an adult cat. By the way, a cat is considered a kitten until the age of 12 months.

Safe and Stress-Free Kitten Transport Options

Transporting your new kitten requires careful consideration. You have several options: picking up the kitten yourself from the breeder and driving it home, having a pet nanny deliver it to the nearest airport for you to collect and drive home, or receiving it as cargo at the airport and then transporting it home by car. Regardless of the method, remember that the kitten is unfamiliar with you. It hasn't encountered your scent or heard your voice before. It's wise to refrain from quickly removing the kitten from its carrier upon arrival. The transition can be stressful for the kitten, who doesn't know what to expect from a stranger. Despite speaking softly and handling the kitten gently, it may still experience stress from the unfamiliar situation.

Oriental Shorthair kitten is hiding in a carrier

Allow the kitten some time to acclimate before attempting to interact with it outside of its carrier. Keep in mind that after the journey, the kitten may experience motion sickness. One of the signs that the kitten is feeling nauseous is excessive drooling.

Check out my article on kitten transportation for all the deets on safely moving your new furry buddy!

Creating a Safe Haven for Your New Kitten

It's important to limit your kitten's movements to one room initially. This will help it not to get lost in the new space, and you won't have to retrieve it from under the fridge or in the closet. Choose a small, quiet, non-passageway room and set up a litter box, toys, food and water, and a scratching post for the kitten. Leave the carrier in which the kitten arrived open in the room.

Siamese kitten is hiding

The kitten will likely hide there during the first few days. During this time, it's better to let the kitten understand that it can trust you and that you won't forcibly handle it. This is particularly important for families with children. I know that parents often allow children to play with the kittens from the first hours and then turn to the breeder the same evening because the kitten shows signs of stress such as hiding under furniture, hissing, showing aggression, drooling, trembling with fear, refusing to eat, and not using the litter box. To avoid all these stress-related symptoms, please allow the kitten to acclimate to the new home at its own pace. It's important not to chase or force interaction with the kitten. Allow the kitten to retreat to its safe space at its first inclination. If you show that you can be trusted, the kitten will soon seek out contact with you on its own. Don't rush things. Your patience and calmness are key to building a strong relationship with your kitten.

Try to avoid noise from electrical appliances such as vacuum cleaners, hair dryers, and others. Ensure that there are no easily breakable items in the room (photo frames, vases, figurines), no plants that the kitten could chew on and induce vomiting. Also, check the list of toxic plants in your home to ensure there are no potentially hazardous ones for cats. Remove all small items such as beads, small pieces of building sets, mosaics, and tiny toys that the kitten could swallow. Refrain from using air fresheners (candles, wax melts, sprays, etc.). Avoid rubbing cat belongings in strongly scented detergent and refrain from using aroma boosters. Pay attention to what you use to clean the floors. All cleaning agents leave behind a thin film as they dry. Keep in mind that cats walk on the floor and then lick their paw pads. Remove all cords that the kitten could chew on and risk getting electrocuted. Pretend that you are child-proofing the place for a 2-year-old!

Optimal Diet Transition Strategy

The well-being of the kitten needs to continue feeding it its familiar food and not make any changes to its diet. Human food should not be given. Even introducing new water can be a significant factor in changing the kitten's diet. If you are picking up the kitten directly from the breeder's home, you'll usually be provided with a small amount of the food the kitten is accustomed to. However, if you're receiving the kitten through a pet nanny or cargo air delivery, according to airline regulations, only a small packet of dry food can be provided with the kitten. In this case, you should receive a list from the breeder in advance of what you need to purchase for the kitten. In our cattery, I provide a detailed list along with links to dry food, canned food, bowls, litter boxes, litter, toys, scratching posts, and more.
Avoid overfeeding your kitten. Overfeeding is a common cause of digestive issues. Follow the recommendations of the breeders and use common sense.

Black Oriental Shorthair kitten is on a table in a park

During the first three to four weeks, strictly follow the breeder's recommendations regarding feeding schedule. Also, keep in mind that all kittens are different, and even if the kitten has been fed a particular food for the first three to four months of its life, it doesn't necessarily mean that this food is ideal for it. Some kittens may show signs of allergies or intolerance to certain foods over time, and sometimes, food manufacturers change their raw material suppliers or processing methods, causing the kitten's body to reject such food. In this case, your task is to find the food that best suits your specific kitten. However, remember that transitioning to a new food should be gradual. Over a period of 10 days, gradually introduce the new food alongside the familiar one, increasing the proportion of the new food gradually.

Choosing the Right Litter for Kitten Adjustment

Another pressing issue concerns the litter box. To avoid unpleasant situations, use the same litter that the kitten used at the breeder's. I've had to deal with stubborn owners who wanted to do things their own way and instead of the litter I recommended, they bought what they found online. As a result, the kitten relieved itself in inappropriate places. Cats primarily go by smell, so when a kitten arrives at your place and finds a freshly bought litter box with different litter, it's very difficult for it to understand where the right place for the toilet is. And if you use a different litter, the kitten could be confused.
In our cattery, we use wooden pellets for adult cats and paper pellets for kittens. I consider this litter the safest for cats. Kittens run and play a lot, and often jump into their litter boxes with momentum, and paper pellets help prevent litter scattered around the box. When you personally pick up a kitten from our home, I always provide a little used litter in a bag so you can add it to your litter box, which will help the kitten orient itself in the new place. Unfortunately, such aromatic packets are not allowed during air transportation.
After a couple of months, once the kitten has fully settled into your home, you can use any litter that suits your lifestyle.

Introducing the Kitten to Other Pets

Introducing the kitten to other pets requires patience and careful planning to ensure a smooth transition. It's essential to supervise all interactions between your new kitten and existing pets, especially during the initial introduction period. Start by allowing them to sniff each other through a door or gate, gradually increasing their exposure to one another while keeping a close eye on their behavior. Monitor for signs of aggression or fear and be prepared to separate them if necessary. Provide separate food and water dishes, as well as litter boxes, to prevent competition and reduce stress.

Siamese kitten is near a bowl with water

Over time, with positive reinforcement and gradual exposure, your pets should learn to coexist peacefully. Remember to praise and reward good behavior and seek guidance from a veterinarian or animal behaviorist if needed.

If we are talking about two cats, they primarily compete for resources. These resources include food, water, territory, sleeping space, toys, and even your attention. When cats realize that the presence of another resident does not threaten their well-being, they are more likely to accept the newcomer. Of course, we are referring to neutered/spayed cats, as they do not have the need to dominate or establish hierarchies.

I want to emphasize the importance of introducing the kitten to the dog with great care. In our practice, there was a case where the kitten was immediately introduced to the dog upon arrival in the new home. The dog naturally jumped and barked out of joy. As a result, the owner ended up with scratched hands and disappointment. The kitten experienced psychological trauma. Therefore, please, be mature and responsible, consider the consequences of your actions carefully.

Preparing Your Home and Family for the Kitten Arrival

You should schedule an appointment with your veterinarian in advance to visit within the first 72 hours of receiving your kitten. Provide your veterinarian with all the records received from the breeder. In our cattery, each kitten comes with a folder containing veterinary records of three rounds of FVRCP vaccination, rabies vaccination, test results for feline leukemia and feline immunodeficiency, fecal parasite test, and spaying/neutering records.

Oriental Shorthair cat mother feeding her kitten

Additionally, you can consider using plug-in pheromone diffusers to help your kitten feel more secure in their new environment. These diffusers release synthetic pheromones that mimic those produced by a mother cat, helping to reduce stress and promote a sense of calm. Follow the instructions provided with the product for optimal results.
It's a good idea to have litter attractant on hand, just in case your kitten needs a little extra encouragement to use its litter box. Litter attractants are specially formulated to attract kittens to their litter box, making it easier for them to establish good bathroom habits in their new home.

Discuss with your children in advance how to properly interact with the kitten. Highlight the importance of being gentle and respectful towards the kitten, and explain that they should never be left unsupervised with the kitten to avoid any potential mishaps or accidents.

If you reside within a Homeowners Association (HOA), it's imperative to familiarize yourself with the regulations governing pet ownership within the community. Many HOAs have specific guidelines regarding the keeping of pets, including cats, within their jurisdiction. It's essential to acquaint yourself with these rules and obtain any necessary permissions or permits from the landlord or governing body before bringing a kitten into your home. By adhering to these protocols, you ensure a harmonious living environment for both yourself and your new feline companion, fostering a sense of mutual respect and cooperation within the community.

Oriental and Siamese cats generally do not require regular bathing due to their self-grooming habits and low-maintenance coats. However, if bathing becomes necessary for any reason, avoid using human shampoo. Human shampoos often contain additives and fragrances that can be toxic to cats, potentially leading to poisoning and fatal outcomes. Instead, opt for a mild cat-specific shampoo recommended by veterinarians, which is formulated to be safe for feline skin and free from harmful ingredients. Always follow the instructions provided with the shampoo and ensure thorough rinsing to prevent skin irritation and discomfort for your kitten.

Ensure the safety of your kitten/cat by not allowing them outside except on a leash (under close supervision) or in a completely enclosed run.

Unforeseen Events and Challenges With Your New Kitten

Around the age of 4 months, kittens begin to experience changes akin to those in human infants. Their teeth start to fall out, their immunity decreases, and they may have bad breath, soft stool, and a slight temperature. Don't be alarmed if you notice two canines growing next to each other; it's a natural process. Cats are predators, and in the wild, they cannot survive without their canines. Initially, the permanent canines grow roots, and then the milk teeth fall out. The situation is different with the molar teeth; they fall out, and the gums may bleed for a while, causing an unpleasant odor from the kitten's mouth. Generally, the complete transition of all teeth is usually completed by around 8 months of age.

You'd be surprised how many times I've been contacted by concerned owners who found milk teeth on the floor… And one owner went even further! She was outraged to discover pimples on her kitten's belly and chest, which she mistook for nipples… She couldn't fathom that males also have nipples.

Take note that the eyes of Siamese kittens are highly sensitive to bright light. This sensitivity is a result of their genetic makeup, which causes their irises to be less able to protect their eyes from excessive brightness. As a result, Siamese kittens may squint or avoid direct sunlight to reduce discomfort. Please provide ample shade and limit exposure to harsh sunlight to ensure their eyes remain healthy and comfortable especially during outdoor activities or when traveling.

Siamese kitten is squinting

Here I want also to mention the peculiar feature of Siamese kittens changing their shade depending on the ambient temperature. Acromelanism, or the coloration of Siamese cats, is thermosensitive and reacts by changing the pigment saturation at cooler temperatures. The points on the muzzle, paws, and tail are a bright manifestation of such thermosensitivity. The points are the coldest spots on the cat's body. So don't be surprised if your Siamese kitten's fur changes its shade after a few weeks.

It's possible that you're aware of the talkative nature of Siamese and Oriental cats, but it may still surprise you just how vocal they can be. Some of them meow loudly even when they catch your gaze. It's true that Orientals and Siamese are deeply attached to people and tend to shadow them closely.

Therefore, I want to warn you about another danger: doors! Very often, a kitten follows its owner and ends up getting caught by a closing door! Such door-related incidents can lead to serious injuries, such as crushed paws or tails, and may even result in suffocation. If a kitten gets caught in a closing door, it can lead to severe consequences, including internal injuries that may not be immediately visible. Even though the kitten may appear unharmed initially, the incident can cause long-term health issues as its internal organs may develop improperly over time.

During the first few nights, kittens may plaintively meow and disrupt your sleep. Please be understanding of the little one's feelings and show sympathy and patience. If you live in an apartment and are concerned that neighbors may hear the meowing and be displeased, inform them in advance that a small kitten will be joining you and about the possible scenario unfolding.

In Conclusion

Remember, each kitten is unique, and their adjustment to a new environment can vary. Some kittens may adapt quickly to their new surroundings, while others may require more time and patience. With love, care, and attention, your new kitten will thrive and bring joy to your household for years to come.
To wrap up, those are all the points I wanted to address before you welcome a kitten into your home. These same recommendations apply to adult cats who are moving in with you as well.

Welcome to the wonderful world of cat parenthood!

It is no secret that the Siamese cat breed is known even to those who are poorly versed in breeds. Due to the blue color of the eyes and the specific color of the coat, in which the pigment is distributed over the body of a cat in a certain way, coloring the face, ears, paws, and tail (the so-called points) and the body remains unpainted. Scientifically, this color is called acromelanism – a genetically determined temperature-dependent type of pigmentation (a type of albinism). It is known that if a Siamese cat is kept in the cold, then the overall tone of its color will become darker than with keeping it in a warm room. This can also explain the fact that Siamese kittens are born completely white since in the womb they develop at a constantly high temperature. Kittens develop points during the first year of life. For this reason, it is sometimes difficult to determine at an early age what color his points are -black, chocolate or blue.

History

It is noteworthy that the name of the Siamese breed reflects its origin. The first descriptions of cats of this specific color refer to the history of Siam (modern Thailand). Even 600 years ago, Siamese cats were revered in the temples of Siam as sacred, were considered a national relic of the country, were dependent on the royal family, and were direct participants in some royal rituals. Their export from Siam was prohibited. In the 14th century, these cats were mentioned in the handwritten collection “Book of Poems About Cats” (“Tamra Maew”), which is still kept in the National Library of Bangkok. Also, images and descriptions of these cats are found in other ancient manuscripts found in Thailand, where, not only cats with a “Siamese” color are noted, but also completely uniformly colored shorthaired cats. According to some reports, in 1884, several Siamese kittens were presented by the King of Siam to the British consul as a valuable gift. Thus, the first Siamese cats, as an exception, were first exported outside their homeland. The breed quickly won the hearts of Europeans.

Modern Oriental and Siamese kittens are playing outside.

Soon, Queen Victoria, who had a passion for Siamese cats, visited the first exhibitions, which affected the unprecedented growth of the popularity of this breed in Britain. In 1901, the “Siamese Cat Club of Britain” was organized, and a year later the standard was approved for it, and the abbreviation SIA was assigned. After a short time, Siamese cats appeared in other countries of Europe and in the United States. Outwardly, the Siamese of those times differed from the modern type – they were shorter, with an uneven profile and a rounded head (apple head). The breeders were faced with the task of giving the cat a more sophisticated look.

The emergence of the oriental shorthair

The Encyclopedia Britannica (11th edition, 1903) mentions fully colored Siamese cats with green eyes. But the monochromatic relatives of the Siamese cats were not so popular. Until 1923, there was a debate about the recognition of the breeding value of cats with a monochromatic color and their show career, until the British Club of Siamese cats announced its refusal to support the breeding of other varieties of this breed, except for blue-eyed ones with a color-point (Siamese) color.

From that time on, green-eyed cats of a single color were finally excluded from the Siamese class and, accordingly, in the future, work was stopped to maintain this direction of the breed. Interest in Oriental cats of “non-Siamese color” reappeared only in the 1960s. Then the breeders, trying to get a slender and graceful cat of a solid color, at the initial stage of breeding began to cross Siamese with the slenderest, fully colored short-haired cats, for example, with the Russian blue. At the same time, in America, by crossing a Siamese cat and a black cat, a chocolate-colored cat named Havana was bred, for its similarity to the color of the fur of the Havana rabbits and the color of the Havana cigars. The monochromatic cats were named Oriental (ORI or OSH).

Registration of the new Oriental breed officially began in October 1974, when there were already more than 60 catteries. Felinologists wanted to reveal the full potential of the genetics of oriental colors and introduced cats of other breeds with interesting colors to the breeding work. As a result of this selection, Orientals acquired all sorts of colors with and without patterns, and in 1995 two-color colors, the so-called bi-colors, were recognized in the Oriental breed.

Varieties in color and hair length

There is a variety of Siamese color–point with white, obtained by crossing bi-color Orientals and Siamese. Cats with this color are called Seychellois (SYS). That is, the Seychelloises are bi-color Siamese. Some people mistakenly believe that this name of cats is due to their homeland – the Seychellois. But this is not the case. In nature, cats with this color are not found. This is exclusively the creation of the hands of breeders.

Siamese cat walking outside

In all countries, felinologists, engaged in the improvement of Siamese by selection, periodically received semi-long-haired color-point cats. Such animals did not represent breeding value and were culled. And only in America, there were enthusiasts who were ready to support and develop this type of Siamese cats. And since 1970, this species of Siamese has been given the name Balinese cat (BAL). Oriental cats also branched off into semi-long-haired relatives and such oriental beauties were called Javanese cats (JAV) Only the CFA recognizes the Javanese cat as a separate breed.

Old type vs new type

As a result of breeding work, the type of Siamese changed and acquired an increasingly sophisticated appearance with a wedge-shaped head, large ears and tall, slender, elegant paws. The old type was pushed into the background and survived only thanks to the enthusiasts and lovers of apple-head cats. Such a cat, whose appearance coincides with the descriptions of the Siamese of the 18th-19th centuries, is today called the Thai cat (encoding THA) in honor of the new name of the state of Siam, Thailand.

Genetics

We have plunged into the history of Oriental and Siamese cats, but what does the science of genetics say?

Modern Siamese and Oriental cats differ from each other only in coat color and eye color, they belong to the same group, and mating between them is allowed by many felinological associations: The International Cat Association (TICA), World Cat Federation (WCF), Fédération Internationale Féline (FIFE), International Cat Union (ICU) and others.

From the point of view of genetics, Oriental and Siamese cats distinguish 1 gene – “C” dominant (gene for complete body coloration in Orientals) and recessive “cs” (gene for Siamese color). How do these genes work? In the presence of the “C” gene, the pigment is distributed equally to each hair throughout the cat’s body, and then the cat has a color tone of the same saturation everywhere – on the face, and on the back, and on the legs.

Under the influence of the “cs” gene, the color pigment penetrates only those hairs that are in the cold zone of the cat’s body (after all, the ears, muzzle, paws, and tail are always colder than the body of a cat). And where the body temperature of the cat is high enough, the “cs” gene inhibits the active penetration of pigment into the hairs. Therefore, the main tone of the Siamese color is not white, but a lighter color corresponding to the color of the points. If the cat’s muzzle is brown, then the body will be fawn, and if the muzzle is red, then the body color will be a warm white-cream shade, etc.

A genetic coat color prediction chart for Siamese and Oriental Shorthair cats. It features a grid with rows and columns labeled with genetic combinations (e.g., BB DD, Bb dd). Each cell shows possible coat colors with diamond symbols. The legend explains the symbols: black for Seal Point, brown for Chocolate Point, blue for Blue Point, and purple for Lilac Point. This chart is based on CFA-recognized color points.
Genetic Coat Color Predictions for Siamese and oriental Shorthair Cats

Gene “cs” is recessive in relation to the gene of solid color “C”, that is, it appears outwardly only if both parents passed on to their kitten one “cs” gene each. And only when two “cs” genes are found together in one kitten, such a kitten will be of Siamese color. Two Siamese parents can have only Siamese kittens, but an Oriental and Siamese cat, and sometimes even two Oriental cats can give birth to both Siamese and Oriental kittens (for this, Oriental cats must be carriers of the Siamese color gene).

Oriental Shorthair 5-week-old kitten solid white color

Separately, I would like to mention cats with a solid white color. The W gene is responsible for this color, which has a different mechanism of action. This gene blocks the spread of pigment in the coat and, in some cases, affects the penetration of pigment into the iris. So sometimes we can meet white Orientals with green, blue eyes or odd eyes. Siamese white (Foreign White) always have blue eyes.

The tables illustrating genetic combinations of Oriental and/or Siamese parents and their offspring

The diagram showing the genetic outcomes of Oriental cat parents. The table is divided into four rows: the first row labeled 'Parents', the second row showing two cells both labeled 'Oriental CC', the third row labeled 'Offspring', and the fourth row showing four cells all labeled 'CC'. This indicates that if both parents have 'CC' genes, all offspring will also have 'CC' genes, meaning no offspring will carry the Siamese gene.

Oriental parents who are not carriers of the «cs» gene can only produce Oriental kittens

The diagram showing the genetic outcomes of Oriental cat parents when one parent is a carrier of the Siamese gene. The table is divided into four rows: the first row labeled 'Parents', the second row showing three cells labeled 'Oriental Ccs', 'Oriental CC', and 'Oriental CC', the third row labeled 'Offspring', and the fourth row showing four cells labeled 'CC', 'CC', 'Ccs', and 'Ccs'. This indicates that when one parent has 'Ccs' genes and the other has 'CC' genes, the offspring can have either 'CC' or 'Ccs' genes, meaning some kittens will carry the Siamese gene.

Oriental parents, one of whom is a carrier of the Siam gene, can only produce Oriental kittens. Some of the kittens will also carry the «cs» gene.

The diagram showing the genetic outcomes of Oriental cat parents who are both carriers of the Siamese gene. The table is divided into four rows: the first row labeled 'Parents', the second row showing two cells both labeled 'Oriental Ccs', the third row labeled 'Offspring', and the fourth row showing four cells labeled 'CC', 'Ccs', 'Ccs', and 'cscs'. This indicates that when both parents have 'Ccs' genes, the offspring can be 'CC', 'Ccs', or 'cscs', meaning some kittens will carry the Siamese gene and some will be Siamese.

Oriental parents, both of whom are a carrier of the Siam gene, can produce Oriental kittens (some of the kittens will also carry the «cs» gene) and Siamese kittens.

The diagram showing the genetic outcomes of parents where one is an Oriental carrier of the Siamese gene and the other is a Siamese cat. The table is divided into four rows: the first row labeled 'Parents', the second row showing two cells labeled 'Oriental Ccs' and 'Siamese cscs', the third row labeled 'Offspring', and the fourth row showing four cells labeled 'Ccs', 'cscs', 'cscs', and 'cscs'.  This indicates that the offspring will be a mix of 'Ccs' and 'cscs', meaning some kittens will be carriers of the Siamese gene and some will be Siamese.

Parents, one of whom is an Oriental who is a carrier of the Siam gene, and another is a Siamese can produce Oriental kittens (all of the kittens will also carry the «cs» gene) and Siamese kittens.

The diagram showing the genetic outcomes of parents where one is an Oriental cat not carrying the Siamese gene and the other is a Siamese cat. The table is divided into four rows: the first row labeled 'Parents', the second row showing two cells labeled 'Oriental CC' and 'Siamese cscs', the third row labeled 'Offspring', and the fourth row showing four cells labeled 'Ccs', 'Ccs', 'Ccs', and 'Ccs'. This indicates that all offspring will be 'Ccs', meaning they will all carry the Siamese gene but will not be Siamese themselves.

Parents, one of whom is an Oriental who is not a carrier of the Siam gene and another is a Siamese can only produce Oriental kittens (all of the kittens will also carry the «cs» gene).

The diagram showing the genetic outcomes of parents where one is an Oriental cat not carrying the Siamese gene and the other is a Siamese cat. The table is divided into four rows: the first row labeled 'Parents', the second row showing two cells labeled 'Oriental CC' and 'Siamese cscs', the third row labeled 'Offspring', and the fourth row showing four cells labeled 'Ccs', 'Ccs', 'Ccs', and 'Ccs'.

Oriental parents, both of whom are a carrier of the Siam gene, can produce Oriental kittens (some of the kittens will also carry the «cs» gene) and Siamese kittens.

As you have seen, the breed is "assigned" to the cat by phenotype (external manifestation of the genotype).

Temperament

A distinctive feature of Oriental and Siamese cats is the extraordinary character of these representatives of the feline. They combine a stormy temperament and tender love for people. They need the love of the owner and constant confirmation of this love. They love active games, can enjoy hours of playing with a piece of crumpled paper, can walk on a leash, and fetch a toy. Possessing inexhaustible energy and curiosity, they are happy to take part in all household chores, no matter what you do. These features are inherent in Orientals and Siameses. But at the same time, each cat is a bright individual; each has its own personality.

This article was originally published on catingtonpost.com on Aug 27, 2021